Introduction

Whenever we think about the purest form of relationship humans have ever developed with another species the name of dogs pops up in our minds. The reason definitely is the everlasting faith and harmony that the dogs share with us.

Americans are the nation that has expressed its love for the dogs for decades. There is nothing that could stop them to buy dogs and keep them as pets. Above all, there are some things to consider while buying a pet i.e. life threatening allergies.

Hypersensitivity is eh response some people show towards dog’s dander, hair, skin, and saliva. The symptoms include rashes, itchy eyes, edema, sinusitis, and breathing issues which in the most extreme cases can lead to asthma, urticaria, abrasions on the skin, and inflammations. To cope up with this issue, small hypoallergenic breeds of dogs were introduced into the market.

Small Hypoallergenic Dogs

These type of dog breeds were introduced to minimize the chances of allergenic response in humans. The dogs of hypoallergenic breeds shed less dander and hair. One of the aspects of allergy is saliva as well. It contains several microbes that can cause contact dermatitis.

Although many dog sellers would claim that the breed they are selling is free from allergies, yet you have to cross check first before buying them. Here is a list of the breeds of hypoallergenic dogs:

Types of Small Hypoallergenic Breeds

The following are the best types of hypoallergenic puppies that you can buy for the pleasure of your family:

  • Brussels Griffon
  • Chinese crested dog
  • Bolognese
  • Bichon Frise
  • Affenpinscher
  • Basenji
  • Coton De Tulear
  • Havanese
  • Maltese
  • Poodle
  • Scottish Terrier
  • West Highland white terrier
  • Lhasa Apso
  • Miniature Schnauzer

Description of the Small Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds

Brussels Griffon

Brussels Griffon

A dog breed that is the part of toy dogs, was originated in Brussels. Smousje is the original species from which all the other three species descended. The newer species include Brussels griffon, Belgian griffon, and Petit Brabancon. The dog breed is basically small and has a body frame that is sturdy. They have human-like features with a small nose, domed head etc.

  • Height: The average adult Brussels griffon is of a medium height ranging between 9 to 11 inches.
  • Weight: The weight of this puppy lies between 8 to 10 pounds on average.
  • History: The ancestor of this breed, Smousje was used previously to kill rodents. It was popular among the noblemen and workers of Belgium before the World War I.
  • Health: The species has shown few congenital problems including Chiari like malformation. Cataract in the eyes, Syringomyelia and cleft palate are the common disorders.
  • Lifespan: This breed can live up to 10 to 15 years.
  • Characteristics: It is the cutest breed of dogs, love to snuggle, develop a fair relationship with their owner, are not too shy or aggressive and love to ply with other animals as well.
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Chinese Crested Dog

Chinese Crested Dog

It is the cutest hypoallergenic breed of dog that is hairless. It comes with or without fur and requires a certain bit of grooming of its fur as well. Powder Puff and hairless varieties of this breed have a single differentiation in them that has occurred due to the coating of the fur. Double and single-coated fur are present in them respectively.

  • Height: The height is usually small in comparison to the other breeds. It is on average 10 to 13 inches high.
  • Weight: The weight of the dog is 7 to 12 pounds.
  • Health: They are prone to disease like glaucoma, lens luxation that affects the eyesight of the dog
  • Lifespan: An average Chinese crested dog lives for about 10 to 14 years.
  • Characteristics: The dogs need true care to prevent any allergy and acne issues. Their skin is sensitive. Giving regular baths and oil free moisturizers will keep the skin and hair fresh and infection free.

Bolognese

Bolognese

Another one from the Toy dog breed, it is from Bologna which is a city in Italy. They love to play and get attached to the owner very quickly. Besides this, they tend to develop good relation with other dogs as well.

  • Height: The puppy has an average height of 10 to 11 inches mostly.
  • Weight: The weight is on average 6 to 9 pounds.
  • Health: It is one of the healthiest breeds available and has shown no disease and health issues neither congenital nor adapted.
  • Lifespan: It can live up to 14 years.
  • Characteristics: It is small in size and mostly white in color. Its body is well built with muscles and is quite athletic as well. It has proven to be easy going, playful and intelligent. It is responsive to obedience training. It takes part in healthy activities such as exercise and training drills.

Bichon Frise

Bichon Frise

The dog belongs to the breed of Toy dogs, has a rounded skull, a curly and groomed tail and a black nose. They are prone to enjoy company and love to gain attention. They love to play with kids and are admired by them as well.

  • Height: The average Bichon is of a medium height ranging between 9 to 12 inches.
  • Weight: The weight of this puppy lies between 10 to 20 pounds on average.
  • History: Thus small hypoallergenic breed is a group of Toy dogs and has basically originated from Spain although it is often referred to as French dogs. They have an affinity to play with water so sometimes referred to as Portuguese water dog.
  • Health: The species has shown few problems related to hypoallergenic conditions including diabetes, cataracts, ear infections and knee pains.
  • Lifespan: This breed can live up to 12 to 20 years.
  • Characteristics: It is small in size and mostly white in color. Its body is well built with muscles and is quite athletic as well. It has proven to be easy going, playful and intelligent. It is responsive to obedience training. It takes part in healthy activities such as exercise and training drills.
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Affenpinscher

Affenpinscher

It originated in Germany and is also reported to be among the ancestors of Brussels griffon. They have an appearance that is quite similar to the terriers.

  • Height: The average Bichon is of a medium height ranging between 9 to 12 inches.
  • Weight: The weight of this puppy lies between 6 to 13 pounds on average.
  • History: This small hypoallergenic breed is sometimes referred to as the dogs that have monkey like expressions. In the past they were used to kill rodents from the kitchens, stables and houses.
  • Health: The species has showed few problems related to hypoallergenic conditions including diabetes, cataracts, ear infections and knee pains.
  • Lifespan: This breed can live up to11 years with a healthy body.
  • Characteristics: They are adventurous and active. They are very protective about their owner. Since they get bored easily, you have to make sure that you engage them in some training and activities. They usually remain quite.

Basenji

Basenji

It is a part of the breed of hunting dogs originating for Africa. Due to its deformed larynx, it is termed as soundless dog. They are small, short haired with erected ears and a curly tail.

  • Height: The average height is about 15 to 17 inches.
  • Weight: The weight of this dog is about 21 pounds on average.
  • Health: The species has showed few problems related health such as thyroid diseases, blindness and Fanconi Syndrome.
  • Lifespan: This breed can live up to 14 years with a healthy body.
  • Characteristics: They are hunters by nature. They don’t get along with strangers easily. They tend to like a single person at a time which is mostly their owner only. They are alert, curious and attentive at all times.

Maltese

Maltese

The cutest hypoallergenic dog is among the group of Toy dogs and originated in the Mediterranean regions and Malta. The dog has a rounded skull and its length to height ratio is almost equal. They are rarely curly and have a firm coating of fur on them.

  • Height: The average Maltese is of a medium height ranging between 8 to 10 inches.
  • Weight: The weight of this puppy lies between 3 to 8 pounds on average.
  • History: This small hypoallergenic breed has no such disease associated with it.
  • Health: The species has showed few problems related to hypoallergenic conditions including diabetes, cataracts, ear infections and knee pains.
  • Lifespan: This breed can live up to11 years with a healthy body.
  • Characteristics: They are fun loving and adventurous. They are extremely sociable and lively. They love to play with children. They have a playful, jaunty, and smooth gait.
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Poodle

Poodle

It is ranked as the second most intelligent breed of dogs in the world. It’s reported to be originated from Germany although there are still some disputes over it.

  • Height: The poodles have sizes such as standard, medium and toy dogs. They can reach up to 15 inches in height.
  • Weight: The weight of this puppy lies between 6 to 13 pounds on average.
  • Health: These small hypoallergenic puppies have reported to be more prone to disease then the other species. They have been prone to cancer, thyroid and gastric disease and bone deformations.
  • Lifespan: This breed can live up to 15 years.
  • Characteristics: They are adventurous, intelligent and active. They are very playful and loveable as well. They were used for hunting in the past

FAQ

Does grooming helps in dealing with allergies?

Yes, grooming the dog certainly kills the 70 % chances of bacterial and allergens invasions. You can give bath to the dog to keep its hair and skin infection free.

Does following a diet for the dog helps?

If your dog has some health issues like skin allergies, giving Omega 3 and fish oils will help to keep the skin moist and germ free.

What personal measures I can take to avoid allergies?

You have to wash your hands thoroughly after giving a bath to you dog or even snuggling with it. Use HEPA filters to kill the microbes in the air at home.
Avoid sleeping with your dog. Since your bedsheets might remain contaminated with the allergens. So it’s better to get a separate sleeping couch for your dog.

Video: Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds

Conclusion

Different breeds have different features and qualities but none of them has proven to be 100% hypoallergenic. Some species although have given protection against the allergies like Bolognese. Before getting a new dog, make sure that you have its medical history as well. Consult your physician as well. Make sure that your vet has authorized the dog to be according to the standards of hygiene and care.

If you’re interested in reading similar articles, here’s good one on Miniature Dog Breeds. We’ve also posted a good guide Dogs that Don’t Shed.